PEDAGOGY: where to practice?
A training session is circuit during which the participants can do walking, running, jumping, quadruped, climbing or climbing, balancing, lifting and carrying, spearing, wrestling, ...and swimming (if possible ).
1° on a circuit in the forest, or the countryside, in a park or garden...
(Georges HEBERT: La Méthode Naturelle, Tome 1 / Première partie XVIII)
The circuit in nature has the following advantages:
- it enhances the utilitarian techniques and awakens the practical sense,
- it develops the qualities of action when crossing difficult or dangerous obstacles,
- it requires mutual assistance,
- it awakens the senses (sight, smell, hearing) and also the sense of observation.
- it allows direct contact with all its benefits. Nature has a positive psychic action and arouses joy and enthusiasm particularly with children.
2° on a "Parcours"
It is a specially designed circuit with carefully chosen and adapted obstacles. It was created in 1916 by HEBERT during World war 1.
Although the "sports" or "health" parcours that are now found everywhere have taken up the principles of the Hébert's parcours, they generally neglect his original teaching and pedagogy. So that they are, sometimes, of great poverty.
The military 'obstacle race', the spartan parcours, the parKour, the "art du déplacement", the mud day all come from Hebert's parcours.
(Georges HEBERT: La Méthode Naturelle, Tome 1 / cinquième Partie)
3° On a limited space: the "plateau"
such as a schoolyard, a grass field, a football ground.. When a lot of people want to train together and when no natural space or parcours are available.
(Georges HEBERT: La Méthode Naturelle, Tome 1 / Première partie XVII // Cinquième partie
Georges HEBERT invented the 'plateau' in order to be able to respect the various pedagogical principles (continuity of work, alternating contrary efforts, freedom of movement...)
The principle of the plateau:
It is a rectangle with dimensions ranging from 30 x 10m for children to 45 x 15 for adults.
The group is divided into subgroups of equivalent levels. Moving on the plateau is done by going up and down the plateau; Georges hébert (who was a sailor) had named this up and down movement: upwave and downwave.
- on the upwave: Exercise from the start line to the finish line
- on the downwave: recovery by walking on the sides of the plateau.
Thanks to this up and down movement on the plateau, the main principles of the Méthode Naturelle can be respected:
- individualization by using different exercises for different upwaves
- continuity of efforts through continuous displacement
- alternating effort (upwave) and recovery (downwave)
- freedom of action through the autonomy of each person in the upwave effort
It allows training of a large number of people on a limited space with one single coach (the record is 350 persons!)